A Letter Explaining the Reason Behind the Choice of Writing “Secrets & Lies in El Salvador” as Historically-Based, Rather than Historical Fiction

Mr. Lamperti,
I very much appreciate your message and am glad that you care so much about El Salvador’s recent history.
When I first began writing “Secrets & Lies in El Salvador,” I wanted it to be historical fiction, but I had t w o very knowledgable people tell me not to write it that way. The first person (who recently passed away with cancer) told me that the story would be better told by moving events around in order to build tension. Karen Aschenbach had written screenplays and lived in Hollywood the last few years of her life. I am well aware that Hollywood doesn’t often tell the complete truth, but I am also hoping that this story will be made into a movie.
The other person who recommended I not call it (or make it) historical fiction is an author of historical fiction herself. She said historical fiction doesn’t sell except to a small group of people who care immensely about history. A few months after she gave me this advice, she pulled her books off the shelf to edit and make changes as some readers had found some errors in the work.
That was a wake-up call for me as I knew I wasn’t being meticulous about the history and especially the time-line.
For these reasons, I call the novel historically-based, rather than historical fiction.
I will make sure my publicist is aware of this so that we do not label this story inaccurately.
My sincere thanks for your compassion toward the Salvadoran cause. My Salvadoran friends and family are very grateful to you and all those who remind the world of this unjust US-funded war.
Sherrie Miranda

A Mourner Remembers Archbishop Romero
A Mourner Remembers Archbishop Romero

Sherrie Miranda’s historically based, coming of age, Adventure novel “Secrets & Lies in El Salvador” is about an American girl in war-torn El Salvador: http://tinyurl.com/klxbt4y
Her husband made a video for her novel. He wrote the song too:

This New Characterization Technique Could Transform Your Writing

This New Characterization Technique Could Transform Your Writing

by Kellie McGann
Characterization is one of the most important aspects of writing good fiction. Characterization is what gives authors the power to sway their readers. It’s how you get your reader to fall in love with—or despise—the characters in your book.

This New Technique Will Transform Your Characterization
Speaking of characterization, The Write Practice offers a tutorial with our seven best lessons on creating great characterization. It’s free and easy to sign up for. Check it out here.

In this post, I want to give you a new technique to use to develop characters that I believe could transform your writing.

Why Your Character Needs an Eyepatch.

What do we think when we see someone wearing an eyepatch? We immediately wonder.

“What happened? Is it real? Were they born that way? Was there an accident?”

In other words, “What’s the STORY?!”

What if we could get our readers to be that interested in our characters?

What if our readers were the ones asking questions and flipping to the next page faster to see if they could find their answer?

I call it the Eyepatch Technique.

Three Reasons You Should Use the Eyepatch Technique to Develop Your Characters

With that in mind, here are three reasons to use the Eyepatch Technique in your stories:

1. The Eyepatch Technique Creates Mystery

Mystery is vital to any story. We might start a book that has an interesting premise or story-line, but when the story falls flat lacking mystery, we’re likely to put it down.

Giving your character a secret or mysterious trait will keep the reader turning the page.

An eyepatch is not just something that makes you look twice, but it is something that makes you question the backstory.

We work hard to make those backstories interesting, but the stories won’t matter if our readers aren’t curious in the first place.

When I was a kid, I had an uncle with a glass eye. Every time I asked him how it happened he would tell me a different story. I still don’t know the real story, but it keeps me asking.

2. The Eyepatch Technique Creates Connection

“Eyepatches” provide a personality trait or physical trait to which the reader can relate to. When you incorporate these into your writing your reader will relate themselves to the character.

A great example of the Eyepatch Technique is Holden Caulfield in The Catcher In the Rye. Holden’s eyepatch is his absolute discontent for everything, and it’s most visible in the amount of times he uses the word “phony.”

3. The Eyepatch Technique Creates Consistency

Another reason to give your character a figurative eyepatch is because it creates a relationship between the past and the present.

The red “A” in The Scarlet Letter, for example, is a small but constant reminder of Hester’s past.

Use your character’s current situation to emphasize his or past. When your characters’ story is consistent, your character becomes more reliable.

5 Examples of the Eyepatch Characterization Technique

Here are some examples of what an eyepatch could look like in your story.

Irrational Fears: For example, a character might be afraid of dogs, gray cars, red lipstick, or the color green. However, behind each of those fears is a story about why he or she is afraid of that thing.

As a writer, you can show the fear, but leave us guessing as to why the character is so afraid.

Mysterious Tattoos: Most tattoos, even bad tattoos, have a story behind them. Perhaps your character has a name, a set of coordinates, a specific date tattooed on his or her body.

Each of those tattoos can be a sign of mystery, something lurking in his or her past that the reader is begging to have uncovered.

A great example of this is the film Memento, in which the characters tattoos (SPOILER ALERT!) literally lead him to committing murder.

Flashbacks: Perhaps your character has a habit of spacing out in the middle of important conversations, a blank look sliding over his or her face, while images of the past come flooding back.

Flashbacks can act as an effective Eyepatch, leaving readers curious to know more.

Just be careful not to give too much away too soon in your flashbacks. Flashbacks can lead to info dumping, which is a great way to destroy all your drama.

A Twitch: Could some early trauma have caused your character to experience a twitch at certain trigger moments?

A good twitch reveals a characters weakness, a weakness he or she is desperately trying to keep hidden. And behind every twitch is a fascinating story.

Scars: Scars can be real, like Harry Potter’s, or figurative, like a gruff attitude or an inability to get close to other people.

“The only requirement,” to be a writer, said Stephen King, “is the ability to remember every scar.”

Don’t be tempted to hide the fact that your character has experienced pain, suffering, even violence. We ALL have experienced pain, and pretending it doesn’t exist merely alienates us to your character.

The key is to keep that pain hidden by an Eyepatch until just the right moment.

Good Characterization is About Mystery and Connection

Clearly, the Eyepatch Technique is a way to add mystery to our characters.

Just as an eyepatch covers something on a person, the Eyepatch Technique is a way of covering a wound or misshapen piece of a character’s personality, giving the character an air of mystery and suspense.

Let’s be honest, we all have wounds, we all misshapen pieces of our personalities, and behind each of those wounds and character flaws lies a story.

Perhaps it’s time for you to tell that story.

What figurative eyepatches do you use? Let us know in the comments below!


Practice using the Eyepatch Technique to develop a character with a trait like we discussed above.

Take notes on your character’s eyepatch for fifteen minutes. When your time is up, post your practice in the comments below. And if you post, please be sure to leave some ideas for your fellow writers!

Recent: How to Overcome Writer’s Block While You Sleep

About Kellie McGann
Kellie McGann is the author of the soon-to-be-released memoir, Uprooted. Be sure to check out her blog, kelliemcgann.com, and follow her on Twitter (@McgannKellie). She contributes to The Write Practice every other Wednesday.

Sherrie Miranda’s historically based, coming of age, Adventure novel “Secrets & Lies in El Salvador” is a/b an American girl in war-torn El Salvador:http://tinyurl.com/klxbt4y
Her husband made a video for her novel. He wrote the song too: